tumors, especially malignant tumors, are like a tiger dormant around them at any time. They look covetously at you and don't know when they will open their mouths and give you a fatal blow. The World Health Organization (WHO) believes that more than 40 per cent of cancers are preventable. It can be seen that we can reduce the tumor mortality by reducing the incidence of tumor. The occurrence of malignant tumor is the result of long-term interaction between the body and external environmental factors, so tumor prevention should run through daily life and adhere to it for a long time. The purpose of tumor prevention is to reduce the morbidity and mortality of malignant tumors, so as to reduce the harm of malignant tumors to national health and family, as well as the consumption of national medical resources, and reduce the economic burden of families and society caused by malignant tumors. The etiological prevention of malignant tumor is called primary prevention, and the effect of tumor treatment is called secondary prevention by screening for early diagnosis of tumor.
so what measures can we take to prevent cancer and avoid such irreversible harm?
1. To maintain a good environment and personal hygiene
to improve the ventilation environment of work and life, reduce the production of some harmful substances in the air or reduce their concentration. If you work in a dust-contaminated environment, you should wear protective masks or masks to reduce the inhalation of harmful substances. At the same time, individuals should wash their hands, face and bath frequently to avoid exposure to possible carcinogenic factors in the environment, such as smoke, radiation, nitrosamines, aflatoxin, tar, arsenic, asbestos and so on.
2. Quitting smoking
smoking or using tobacco in any way can cause cancer, and 90% of lung cancer is caused by tobacco. Smoking indirectly causes oral cancer, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, laryngeal cancer, esophageal cancer, pancreatic cancer, cervical cancer, renal cancer and bladder cancer. Quitting smoking is the simplest, most economical and most effective way to reduce the risk of cancer.
3. Improving immunity and preventing infection
cervical cancer, liver cancer, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, lymphoma and gastric cancer are related to infection factors. Can be vaccinated against hepatitis B vaccine, HPV (human papillomavirus) vaccine, clean to avoid multiple sexual partners, away from drugs, to prevent hepatitis B virus, HPV, HIV (HIV) infection. Separate meals can help prevent HP (Helicobacter pylori) infection. Avoiding unnecessary blood transfusions and using blood products can reduce the risk of infection. A study on cancer risk factors reported in the Journal of Health shows that 29.4 percent of cancers in China are attributed to chronic infection. The most common infectious carcinogenic factors are Helicobacter pylori, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus and human papillomavirus. One of the most important causes of cancer.
antibiotics and antiviral drugs have inhibitory effects on pathogenic bacteria and viruses, but long-term use is harmful to the body and can lead to drug resistance. The fundamental way to prevent infection is to improve autoimmunity, which has no side effects and is the most effective way. Enhanced immunity can not only resist infection, but also effectively defend and eliminate other physical and chemical pathogenic factors and their stimuli, mediate body self-healing and promote early recovery. At present, the widely used immunomodulators mainly come from plant active polysaccharides. Studies have confirmed that plant active polysaccharides can stimulate the proliferation and activation of lymphocytes and have significant anti-viral, anti-infective and anti-tumor effects. Its active components can promote the production of serum hemolysin IgM and IgG, increase the level of antibody-producing cells and the index of thymus and spleen, enhance the phagocytic activity of macrophages and inhibit the growth of tumor cell S180.
4. To maintain a reasonable body weight and waist circumference
Asian body mass index (BMI) health range is 18.5 to 22.9. The waist circumference of women should be less than 80 cm and that of men should be less than 90cm. There is evidence that high body fat is the cause of many cancers; the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) also believes that high body fat is one of the causes of thyroid cancer, multiple myeloma and meningioma. Children and early overweight/obesity may continue into adulthood.
5. Scientific movement
to some extent, cancer is also a disease of laziness. Any kind of exercise can help reduce the risk of cancer, because exercise can speed up metabolism and improve the body's immunity. Exercise is particularly helpful in preventing colorectal cancer, breast cancer and endometrial cancer. Recommendations from the World Cancer Research Foundation/American Cancer Institute in Diet, Nutrition, exercise and Cancer Prevention: a Global Perspective include losing as much weight as possible without being underweight and exercising for at least 30 minutes a day. However, in order to maximize the benefits of exercise, it is recommended that you take more than 60 minutes of moderate exercise or more than 30 minutes of strenuous exercise a day. Therefore, it is recommended that you exercise for at least 150 minutes a week. The most important thing in sports is persistence, and perseverance is the only way to achieve results. Of course, special people should pay attention to exercise protection, especially the elderly, as well as people with chronic diseases and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, to seek the advice of relevant specialists to exercise, so as to avoid accidents.
6. Balanced nutrition, reasonable diet
balanced nutrition and reasonable diet is one of the important strategies to prevent cancer. The so-called balanced nutrition is not a simple supplement of protein, but a reasonable mix of food, especially for children and obese people. This includes thickness collocation, meat collocation, acid-base collocation, dry and thin diet collocation, etc., that is, to choose a variety of foods, so that the nutrients are complete, the proportion is appropriate. The requirements are calculated based on the proportion of carbohydrates (60% to 70%), fat (20% to 25%) and protein (10% to 15%) in the total heat energy of the day.
the so-called reasonable diet is to eat less high-fat, high-sugar and high-calorie foods, eat more different kinds of vegetables and fruits, whole grains and legumes, and reduce the consumption of red meat (beef, pork and mutton). Avoid eating processed meat, limit the consumption of high-salt food, eat less spicy and irritating food (such as pepper, garlic, raw onions, etc.) and barbecue, fried and other hot food.
7. Alcohol restriction
drinking in general may be related to the occurrence of a variety of cancers, mainly oral cancer, throat cancer, esophageal cancer and liver cancer, but also may be related to rectal cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer and so on. Alcohol carcinogenicity also has a lot to do with the amount of alcohol consumed. It is generally believed that occasionally drinking a small amount of alcohol may not significantly induce cancer, while long-term alcoholics have a significantly increased risk of cancer. For example, people who drink more alcohol also have a 1.5 times higher risk of breast cancer than those who do not drink alcohol or a small amount of alcohol. The greater the amount of alcohol, the higher the risk of breast cancer. Therefore, in order to prevent cancer, try not to drink, or strictly limit the amount of alcohol.
studies have shown that breastfeeding can reduce the risk of breast cancer in mothers and help reduce the risk of weight gain and overweight/obesity in children. At the same time, breastfeeding can protect the child's immature immune system, especially in the case of water insecurity, but also conducive to maintaining the emotional bond between mother and child, so it is very important.
9. Balance state of mind, mental health
mental health is a good medicine to overcome disease. Bad emotions can lead to more harmful substances metabolized in the body, but also lead to a decline in immunity, so it is a potential cancer promoter.
10. Regular physical examination, treatment of precancerous lesions
through regular physical examination, abnormal body and cancer risk factors were found, and the risk of malignant tumor was reduced by timely adjustment, prevention and treatment. On the other hand, regular physical examination can achieve early detection, early diagnosis, early treatment, that is, secondary prevention. For example, colon polyps are precancerous lesions of colon cancer. Colon cancer can be prevented by resection of colon polyps. This is an important measure and starting point to reduce the incidence of cancer.
is that prevention is more important than treatment is very necessary, after all, when malignant tumors hit, the pain of patients and their families is self-evident!